SPOCK1 induces adipose tissue maturation: New insights into the function of SPOCK1 in metabolism

Rehab Alshargabi, Takanori Shinjo, Misaki Iwashita, Akiko Yamashita, Tomomi Sano, Yuki Nishimura, Masato Hayashi, Tatsuro Zeze, Takao Fukuda, Terukazu Sanui, Fusanori Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SPOCK1 is a calcium-binding matricellular proteoglycan that has been extensively studied in several cancer cells. Previously, we generated a mouse line overexpressing SPOCK1 (Spock1-Tg mouse) and showed that SPOCK1 might play an important role in drug-induced gingival overgrowth, indicating that it possesses physiological functions in non-cancer diseases as well. Although SPOCK1 was reported to be secreted from human adipocytes, its role in adipocyte physiology has not been addressed yet. In this study, SPOCK1 protein expression was confirmed in pancreas, adipose tissues, spleen, and liver of normal diet (ND)-fed mice. Interestingly, SPOCK1 was up-regulated in the pancreas and adipose tissues of the high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Spock1-Tg mice fed with ND showed increased maturation in epididymal and inguinal adipose tissues. In addition, Spock1 overexpression strongly decreased expression of UCP-1 in adipose tissues, suggesting that SPOCK1 might regulate thermogenic function through suppression of UCP-1 expression. Finally, exogenous SPOCK1 treatment directly accelerated the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes, accompanied by the up-regulation of adipocyte differentiation-related gene expression. In conclusion, we demonstrated for the first time that SPOCK1 induced adipocyte differentiation via the up-regulation of adipogenesis-related genes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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