Spontaneous adsorption from solution onto solid surface is a common phenomenon in nature, but the force that governs adsorption is still a matter of considerable debate.1,2 We found that surfactants and cellulose adsorb from solution onto a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) surface in an ordered and cooperative way governed by hydrogen bonding. The glucose rings of n-dodecyl-β-D-maltoside (DDM) and hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC) stand perpendicular to the surface, H-bond to the surface COOMe groups with their C=O and Me-O bonds parallel to the surface, and form a tight monolayer. The non-H-bonded COOMe groups orient their C=O bonds perpendicular to the surface. In contrast, the glucose rings of hydrophobically modified hydroxyethylcellulose (HMHEC) lie flat with the side chains perpendicular to the surface and H-bond to the perpendicular-oriented C=O groups. The non-H-bonded COOMe groups orient their C=O bonds parallel but Me-O bonds near-perpendicular to the surface for stabilizing HMHEC. The current work provides a detailed picture of how surface-active molecules interact with a solid surface and selfassemble into greatly different architectures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces