Spontaneous hierarchical assembly of crown ether-like macrocycles into nanofibers and microfibers induced by alkali-metal and ammonium salts

Joseph Ka Ho Hui, Peter D. Frischmann, Chien Hsin Tso, Carl A. Michal, Mark J. MacLachlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Schiff base macrocycle 1, which has a crown ether like central pore, was combined with different alkali-metal and ammonium salts in chloroform, resulting in one-dimensional supramolecular aggregates. The ion-induced self-assembly was studied with solid-state NMR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was found that the lengths and widths of the superstructures depend on the cation and counteranion of the salts. Among the salts being used, Na+ and NH4 + ions with BF4 - ions showed the most impressive fibrous structures that can grow up to 1 mm in diameter and hundreds of microns in length. In addition, the size of the fibers can be controlled by the evaporation rate of the solvent. A new macrocycle with bulky triptycenyl substituents that prevent supramolecular assembly was prepared and did not display any nanofibers with alkali-metal ions in chloroform when studied with TEM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2453-2460
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 22 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

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