Background: Squatting is an important function for many daily activities, but has not been well documented after total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study investigated the participation rate of squatting and in vivo kinematics during squatting. Methods: A survey questionnaire about squatting was mailed to patients who underwent primary THA and 328 patients returned acceptable responses. Additionally, 32 hips were evaluated for dynamic 3-dimensional kinematics of squatting using density-based image-matching techniques. Multivariate analyses were applied to determine which factors were associated with anterior liner-to-neck distance at maximum hip flexion. Results: Patients who could easily squat significantly increased this ability postoperatively (23.5% vs 46%, P <.01). In 29.5% of the patients there was still no ability to squat after THA; the main reason was anxiety of dislocation (34.2%). Kinematic analysis revealed that maximum hip flexion averaged 80.7° ± 12.3° with 12.8° ± 10.7° of posterior pelvic tilt and 9.7 ± 3.0 mm of anterior liner-to-neck distance. Neither liner-to-neck, bone-to-bone, nor bone-to-implant contact was observed in any of the hips. Larger hip flexion and smaller cup anteversion were negatively associated with the anterior liner-to-neck distance at maximum hip flexion (P <.05). Conclusion: Postoperatively, approximately 70% of patients squatted easily or with support. Anxiety of dislocation made patients avoid squatting after THA. In vivo squatting kinematics suggest no danger of impingement or subsequent dislocation, but excessively large hip flexion and small cup anteversion remain as risks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine