We consider two kinds of stability (under a perturbation) of the ground state of a self-adjoint operator: the one is concerned with the sector to which the ground state belongs and the other is about the uniqueness of the ground state. As an application to the Wigner-Weisskopf model which describes one mode fermion coupled to a quantum scalar field, we prove in the massive case the following: (a) For a value of the coupling constant, the Wigner-Weisskopf model has degenerate ground states; (b) for a value of the coupling constant, the Wigner-Weisskopf model has a first excited state with energy level below the bottom of the essential spectrum. These phenomena are nonperturbative.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics