The NASICON-based CO2 sensor using Li2CO3-BaCO3 auxiliary phase was tested for stability under exposure to the humid air containing 3.6 kPa H2O and 1000 ppm CO2 at 50°C. For this purpose, the sensor devices were attached with a reference electrode (RE) which was always kept from contacting the humid air, in addition to the sensing electrode (SE) and counter electrode (CE). With this structure, the SE and CE potentials to CO2 containing atmospheres at 450°C were measured relative to RE before and after the humid air treatment for 3 days. It was found that the humid air treatment caused the CE potential to shift largely from the original value, while the SE potential remained intact. The shift of CE potential decreased gradually with increasing time of operation at 450°C, disappearing almost completely in several days. The SEM observation revealed that a number of tiny deposits showed up on the surface of NASICON after the 3-day treatment and the deposits grew into discrete crystalline particles after the 14-day treatment. It was found in separate experiments that, when the NASICON disk was soaked in hot water, a significant amount of Na3PO4 was eluted from the disk, and that the resulting disk could have the CE potential more stabilized to the humid air treatment. Based on these results, it is concluded that the elution of Na3PO4 from the bulk of the NASICON disks to the surface is responsible for the degradation of CO2 sensing properties in this type sensor after being kept in a humid atmosphere at low temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry