In complex with ATP, but not ADP, DnaA protein multimers unwind a specific region of duplex DNA within the chromosomal replication origin, oriC, triggering a series of reactions that result in initiation of DNA replication. Following replication initiation, ATP hydrolysis, which is coupled to DNA replication, results in the generation of initiation-incompetent ADP-DnaA. Suppression of overinitiation of replication requires that ADP-DnaA complexes be stably maintained until the next round of replication. Thus, the functional and structural requirements that ensure stable nucleotide binding to DnaA are crucial for proper regulation of replication. Here, we demonstrate that Glu143 of DnaA, located within the AAA+ box II N-linker motif, is a key residue involved in stable nucleotide binding. A Glu143 substitution variant of DnaA (DnaA E143A) bound to ADP on ice with an affinity similar to wild-type DnaA, but the resultant ADP-DnaA E143A complex was more labile at 37. °C than wild-type ADP-DnaA complexes. Consistent with this, conversion of ADP-DnaA E143A to ATP-DnaA E143A was stimulated at 37. °C in the presence of ATP, which also stimulated replication of a minichromosome in an in vitro reconstitution reaction. Expression of DnaA E143A in vivo inhibited cell growth in an oriC-dependent manner, suggesting that DnaA E143A caused over-initiation of replication, consistent with the in vitro results. Glu is a highly conserved residue at the corresponding position of γ-proteobacterial DnaA orthologs. Our finding of the novel role for the DnaA N-linker region may represent a conserved function of this motif among those DnaA orthologs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology