The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of staged sinus floor elevation (SFE) using novel low-crystalline carbonate apatite (CO3Ap) granules. Patients who needed SFE for implant placement were recruited into this clinical trial. A staged procedure (lateral window technique using CO3Ap granules, followed by implant placement after 7 ± 2 months) was employed in 13 patients. Bone-height increase and insertion torque values (ITVs) were assessed along with histological evaluation. The survival and success rates of 3-year functioning implants were also evaluated. Mean of bone-height increase after SFE using CO3Ap granules was 7.2 ± 2.5 mm and this increase allowed implant placement in all cases (17 implants). Mean of ITV was 25.1 ± 13.2 Ncm and primary stability was achieved successfully in all cases. Histological analyses revealed mature new bone formation (36.8 ± 17.3%) and residual CO3Ap granules (16.2 ± 10.1%) in the compartment after SFE. The survival and success rates after 3-year functional loading were 100% and no complications were found. These results clearly indicate the clinical usefulness of CO3Ap granules for SFE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics