Staphylocoagulase-binding region in human prothrombin

Shun-Ichiro Kawabata, Takashi Morita, Sadaaki Iwanaga, Hideo Igarashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A staphylocoagulase-binding region in human prothrombin was studied by utilizing several fragments prepared from prothrombin by limited proteolysis. Bovine prothrombin, prethrombin 1, prethrombin 2, and human diisopropylphosphorylated α-thrombin strongly inhibited formation of the complex ("staphylothrombin") between human prothrombin and staphylocoagulase, but bovine prothrombin fragment 1 and fragment 2 had no effect on the complex formation, indicating that the binding region of human prothrombin for staphylocoagulase is located in the prethrombin 2 molecule. To identify further the staphylocoagulase-binding region, human α-thrombin was cleaved into the NH2-terminal large fragment (Mr = 26, 000) and the COOH-terminal fragment (Mr = 16,000) by porcine pancreatic elastase. Of these fragments, the COOH-terminal fragment, which includes Asn-200 to the COOH-terminal end of the a-thrombin molecule, partially inhibited the complex formation between staphylocoagulase and human prothrombin. In contrast, the NH2-terminal large fragment did not show any inhibitory effect on the staphylo thrombin formation. These results suggest that the staphylocoagulase interacts with human prothrombin through the COOH-terminal region of α-thrombin B chain. Other plasma proteins, factor X, factor IX, protein C, protein S, protein Z, all of which are structurally similar to prothrombin, did not inhibit the staphylothrombin formation at all, indicating that a specific interaction site with staphylocoagulase is contained only in the prothrombin molecule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1985

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Coagulase
Prothrombin
Thrombin
Molecules
Proteolysis
Factor X
Factor IX
Pancreatic Elastase
Protein S
Protein C
Blood Proteins
Swine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Staphylocoagulase-binding region in human prothrombin. / Kawabata, Shun-Ichiro; Morita, Takashi; Iwanaga, Sadaaki; Igarashi, Hideo.

In: Journal of biochemistry, Vol. 97, No. 1, 01.01.1985, p. 325-331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kawabata, Shun-Ichiro ; Morita, Takashi ; Iwanaga, Sadaaki ; Igarashi, Hideo. / Staphylocoagulase-binding region in human prothrombin. In: Journal of biochemistry. 1985 ; Vol. 97, No. 1. pp. 325-331.
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AB - A staphylocoagulase-binding region in human prothrombin was studied by utilizing several fragments prepared from prothrombin by limited proteolysis. Bovine prothrombin, prethrombin 1, prethrombin 2, and human diisopropylphosphorylated α-thrombin strongly inhibited formation of the complex ("staphylothrombin") between human prothrombin and staphylocoagulase, but bovine prothrombin fragment 1 and fragment 2 had no effect on the complex formation, indicating that the binding region of human prothrombin for staphylocoagulase is located in the prethrombin 2 molecule. To identify further the staphylocoagulase-binding region, human α-thrombin was cleaved into the NH2-terminal large fragment (Mr = 26, 000) and the COOH-terminal fragment (Mr = 16,000) by porcine pancreatic elastase. Of these fragments, the COOH-terminal fragment, which includes Asn-200 to the COOH-terminal end of the a-thrombin molecule, partially inhibited the complex formation between staphylocoagulase and human prothrombin. In contrast, the NH2-terminal large fragment did not show any inhibitory effect on the staphylo thrombin formation. These results suggest that the staphylocoagulase interacts with human prothrombin through the COOH-terminal region of α-thrombin B chain. Other plasma proteins, factor X, factor IX, protein C, protein S, protein Z, all of which are structurally similar to prothrombin, did not inhibit the staphylothrombin formation at all, indicating that a specific interaction site with staphylocoagulase is contained only in the prothrombin molecule.

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