Star formation in relic H II regions of the first stars: Binarity and outflow driving

Masahiro N. MacHida, Kazuyuki Omukai, Tomoaki Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Star formation in relic H II regions of the first stars is investigated using magnetohydrodynamical simulations with a nested-grid method that covers 10 orders of magnitude in spatial scale and 20 orders of magnitude in density contrast. Due to larger fraction of H2 and HD molecules, its prestellar thermal evolution is considerably different from that in the first star formation. Reflecting the difference, two hydrostatic cores appear in a nested manner: a protostar is enclosed by a transient hydrostatic core, which appears during the prestellar collapse. If the initial natal core rotates fast at a rate with rotational to gravitational energy ratio β0 ≳ 0.01-0.1, the transient hydrostatic core fragments to 10 M subcores at density 109 cm-3. With smaller rotation energy, fragmentation occurs at higher density while a single protostar forms without fragmentation if rotation is extremely slow with β0 ≲ 10-6 to 10-5. If magnetic field is present, these threshold values of β0 are boosted owing to angular momentum transport by the magnetic breaking. Magnetic field also drives the protostellar outflows. With strong magnetic field, two distinct outflows are observed: the slower one emanates from the transient hydrostatic core, while the faster one from the protostar. These flows may affect the final stellar mass by ejecting some of masses in the initial core, and also may play some role in driving and maintenance of interstellar turbulence in young galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-67
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume705
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

H II regions
hydrostatics
star formation
outflow
stars
protostars
magnetic field
fragmentation
thermal evolution
magnetic fields
angular momentum
energy
turbulence
stellar mass
maintenance
grids
fragments
galaxies
simulation
thresholds

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Star formation in relic H II regions of the first stars : Binarity and outflow driving. / MacHida, Masahiro N.; Omukai, Kazuyuki; Matsumoto, Tomoaki.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 705, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 64-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

MacHida, Masahiro N. ; Omukai, Kazuyuki ; Matsumoto, Tomoaki. / Star formation in relic H II regions of the first stars : Binarity and outflow driving. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 705, No. 1. pp. 64-67.
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