An increased oxidative stress may contribute to the accelerated atherosclerosis in diabetic patients. Here we show that 3-hydroxy-3- methylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitor (statin) attenuates a high glucose-induced and a diabetes-induced oxidative stress through inhibition of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase. Exposure of cultured aortic endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells to a high glucose level (450 mg/dl) for 3 days significantly increased oxidative stress compared with a normal glucose level (100 mg/dl), as evaluated by the staining with 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate and electron spin resonance (ESR) measurement. This increase was completely blocked by the treatment with pitavastatin (5 × 10-7M) as well as a NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor (diphenylene iodonium) or a PKC inhibitor (calphostin C) in parallel with the change of small GTPase Rac-1 activity, a cytosolic regulatory component of NAD(P)H oxidase. Next, using streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, the effect of pitavastatin on oxidative stress was evaluated by in vivo ESR measurements, which is a sensitive, noninvasive method. Administration of pitavastatin (5 mg/kg/day) for 4 days attenuated the increased oxidative stress in diabetic rats to control levels. In conclusion, pitavastatin attenuated a high glucose-induced and a diabetes-induced oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. Thus, our data may provide a new insight into antioxidative therapy in diabetes.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Free Radical Biology and Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 15 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)