Statistical analysis of the diachronic loss of interproximal contact between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth

Hidehiro Koori, Keizo Morimoto, Yoshihiro Tsukiyama, Kiyoshi Koyano

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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to clarify the aspects of loss of interproximal contact (IC) between fixed implant prostheses and the adjacent teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 146 implant prostheses in 105 patients were investigated. The loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was evaluated using a 50-µmthick contact gauge, and the IC was regarded as lost when the gauge was inserted into an IC without resistance at follow-up visits. Statistical analyses were performed to clarify the IC loss rate and factors affecting it. Results: Eighty of 186 ICs (43%) were regarded as lost. The IC loss rate at the mesial aspect was significantly greater than that at the distal aspect (P = .000, Wilcoxon test). Age, the condition of the opposing dentition, the vitality of the adjacent teeth, and the state of splinting of the adjacent teeth affected the loss of IC at the mesial aspect significantly (P < .05, Cox regression analysis). Conclusion: Loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was observed frequently at follow-up visits, especially at the mesial aspects of the prostheses. It is considered that this phenomenon may induce food impaction and cause an adverse effect on the peri-implant tissue. Hence, appropriate informed consent and careful maintenance at follow-up visits regarding IC between implants and adjacent teeth are important, and the loss of IC should be recovered if observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-540
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Prosthodontics
Volume23
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Prostheses and Implants
Tooth
Tooth Loss
Dentition
Informed Consent
Regression Analysis
Maintenance
Food

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Statistical analysis of the diachronic loss of interproximal contact between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth",
abstract = "Purpose: The aim of this study was to clarify the aspects of loss of interproximal contact (IC) between fixed implant prostheses and the adjacent teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 146 implant prostheses in 105 patients were investigated. The loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was evaluated using a 50-µmthick contact gauge, and the IC was regarded as lost when the gauge was inserted into an IC without resistance at follow-up visits. Statistical analyses were performed to clarify the IC loss rate and factors affecting it. Results: Eighty of 186 ICs (43{\%}) were regarded as lost. The IC loss rate at the mesial aspect was significantly greater than that at the distal aspect (P = .000, Wilcoxon test). Age, the condition of the opposing dentition, the vitality of the adjacent teeth, and the state of splinting of the adjacent teeth affected the loss of IC at the mesial aspect significantly (P < .05, Cox regression analysis). Conclusion: Loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was observed frequently at follow-up visits, especially at the mesial aspects of the prostheses. It is considered that this phenomenon may induce food impaction and cause an adverse effect on the peri-implant tissue. Hence, appropriate informed consent and careful maintenance at follow-up visits regarding IC between implants and adjacent teeth are important, and the loss of IC should be recovered if observed.",
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pages = "535--540",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Statistical analysis of the diachronic loss of interproximal contact between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth

AU - Koori, Hidehiro

AU - Morimoto, Keizo

AU - Tsukiyama, Yoshihiro

AU - Koyano, Kiyoshi

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Purpose: The aim of this study was to clarify the aspects of loss of interproximal contact (IC) between fixed implant prostheses and the adjacent teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 146 implant prostheses in 105 patients were investigated. The loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was evaluated using a 50-µmthick contact gauge, and the IC was regarded as lost when the gauge was inserted into an IC without resistance at follow-up visits. Statistical analyses were performed to clarify the IC loss rate and factors affecting it. Results: Eighty of 186 ICs (43%) were regarded as lost. The IC loss rate at the mesial aspect was significantly greater than that at the distal aspect (P = .000, Wilcoxon test). Age, the condition of the opposing dentition, the vitality of the adjacent teeth, and the state of splinting of the adjacent teeth affected the loss of IC at the mesial aspect significantly (P < .05, Cox regression analysis). Conclusion: Loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was observed frequently at follow-up visits, especially at the mesial aspects of the prostheses. It is considered that this phenomenon may induce food impaction and cause an adverse effect on the peri-implant tissue. Hence, appropriate informed consent and careful maintenance at follow-up visits regarding IC between implants and adjacent teeth are important, and the loss of IC should be recovered if observed.

AB - Purpose: The aim of this study was to clarify the aspects of loss of interproximal contact (IC) between fixed implant prostheses and the adjacent teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 146 implant prostheses in 105 patients were investigated. The loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was evaluated using a 50-µmthick contact gauge, and the IC was regarded as lost when the gauge was inserted into an IC without resistance at follow-up visits. Statistical analyses were performed to clarify the IC loss rate and factors affecting it. Results: Eighty of 186 ICs (43%) were regarded as lost. The IC loss rate at the mesial aspect was significantly greater than that at the distal aspect (P = .000, Wilcoxon test). Age, the condition of the opposing dentition, the vitality of the adjacent teeth, and the state of splinting of the adjacent teeth affected the loss of IC at the mesial aspect significantly (P < .05, Cox regression analysis). Conclusion: Loss of IC between fixed implant prostheses and adjacent teeth was observed frequently at follow-up visits, especially at the mesial aspects of the prostheses. It is considered that this phenomenon may induce food impaction and cause an adverse effect on the peri-implant tissue. Hence, appropriate informed consent and careful maintenance at follow-up visits regarding IC between implants and adjacent teeth are important, and the loss of IC should be recovered if observed.

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