Ynolates react with ketones at room temperature to afford α,β,β,-trisubstituted acrylates (tetra-substituted olefins) with 2:1-8:1 geometrical selectivities. This can be regarded as a new olefination reaction of ketones giving tetrasubstituted olefins in good yield, even in the case of sterically hindered substrates. The reaction mechanism involves cycloaddition of ynolates with a carbonyl group and subsequent thermal electrocyclic ring-opening of the resulting β-lactone enolates. The stereoselectivity is determined in the ring-opening, which is regulated by torquoselectivity. In this paper, we describe the scope and limitations of olefination of ketones via ynolates and discuss the stereocontrol mechanism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry