The sterilizing effect of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) is described as compared with gaseous CO2(G-CO2) and liquid CO2(L-CO2). Baker's yeast, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and conidia of Aspergillus niger were sterilized by treating with SC-CO2 at 200 atm and 35°C when the water content of each microorganism was 70~90%. However, dry cells with a water content of 2 ~ 10% could not be sterilized under the same conditions. No sterilizing effect from SC-CO2 on endospores of Bacillus subtilis and B. stearothermophilus was observed. G-CO2 and L-CO2 produced no sterilizing effect against both wet and dry baker's yeast cells, while wet E. coli cells were sterilized with G-CO2. Although dry conidia of A. niger could not be sterilized with SC-CO2 alone, the addition of ethanol or acetic acid to SC-CO2 made it possible to sterilize these. Without any decrease in their enzymatic activities, E. coli and baker's yeast in a-amylase and lipase preparations were sterilized with SC-CO2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)