The effects of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on phosphoinositide hydrolysis were examined in preparations of cultured bovine aortic smooth muscle cells. In homogenates or particulate fractions from cultured bovine aortic smooth muscle cells, ANF and atriopeptin I increased the formation of inositol phosphates and GTPase activity. The effects on inositol phosphates were markedly enhanced with guanosine 5′[γ-thio]triphosphate. Both atrial peptides also stimulated the formation of diacylglycerol in intact cultured cells. In these experiments, atriopeptin I was about 10-fold more potent than ANF. These studies indicate that atrial peptides have stimulatory effects on phosphoinositide hydrolysis which are mediated through a guanine nucleotide regulatory protein. The greater potency of atriopeptin I on GTPase activity and the accumulation of inositol phosphates suggests that the nonguanylate cyclase-coupled receptor for ANF (ANF-R2) mediates the stimulatory effects of ANF on phosphoinositide hydrolysis through a guanine nucleotide regulatory protein.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology