Strain amplitude response and the microstructure of PA/clay nanocomposites

T. Wan, M. J. Clifford, F. Gao, A. S. Bailey, D. H. Gregory, R. Somsunan

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Abstract

Polyamide 6/clay nanocomposites (PAn, where n is the mass fraction of clay) with various clay loading were prepared by melt compounding in a twin screw extruder. Exfoliation of clay in a PA matrix was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Strain amplitude response of PAn in both melt and solution states has been investigated. In the melt state, critical strain amplitude of PAn is sensitive to strain amplitude response and decrease logarithmically with increasing clay loading. The elastic moduli (G′) of PAn are reversible under frequency loop sweeps. Comparisons of strain amplitude response in both melt and solution states have been conducted. Two different responses have been observed: strain thinning in the melt state and weak strain overshoot in the solution state. FTIR studies show that amide II band of PAn shifts toward high wavenumbers, but amide I band and N-H stretching vibration are independent of clay loading. We suggest that two types of strain amplitude response of PAn can be explained: strain thinning which is dominant in PAn caused by physical adsorption and entanglement of PA chains on nanoclays and weak strain overshoot caused by weak bonds between PA chains and nanoclays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6429-6436
Number of pages8
Journalpolymer
Volume46
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 28 2005
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Wan, T., Clifford, M. J., Gao, F., Bailey, A. S., Gregory, D. H., & Somsunan, R. (2005). Strain amplitude response and the microstructure of PA/clay nanocomposites. polymer, 46(17), 6429-6436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2005.04.105