Strain Effects on Oxygen Reduction Activity of Pr 2 NiO 4 Caused by Gold Bulk Dispersion for Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Sun Jae Kim, Taner Akbay, Junko Matsuda, Atsushi Takagaki, Tatsumi Ishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Effects of tensile strain induced by the dispersion of Au nanoparticles in Pr 2 NiO 4 -based oxide on the oxygen reduction reaction were investigated. Au-dispersed Pr 1.9 Ni 0.71 Cu 0.41 Ga 0.05 O 4+ (PNCG) showed a much decreased cathodic overpotential, and a cell using Au-dispersed PNCG showed a significantly higher power density, approximately 2.5 times higher than that of a cell using PNCG without dispersed Au. The smallest overpotential was achieved at 3-5 mol % dispersion of Au nanoparticles, at which the largest tensile strain was observed. Impedance measurements suggested that the impedance arc in the lower frequency range was mainly decreased; therefore, the increased activity to oxygen reduction was attributed to the increased bulk and surface diffusivity of oxide ions. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) shows that oxygen in the strained region was in a more reduced state and this oxygen could be assigned to interstitial oxygen which is highly mobile. In addition, density functional theory (DFT) analysis suggested that bond destabilization was attributed to the increase in energy of occupied ∗ orbitals of surface peroxo species on tensile strained surfaces. Therefore, increased cathodic performance of PNCG by Au nanoparticle dispersion could be assigned to the increased diffusivity by tensile strain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1210-1220
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2019

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Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Gold
Oxygen
Tensile strain
Nanoparticles
Oxides
Temperature
Electron energy loss spectroscopy
Density functional theory
Ions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Strain Effects on Oxygen Reduction Activity of Pr 2 NiO 4 Caused by Gold Bulk Dispersion for Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells",
abstract = "Effects of tensile strain induced by the dispersion of Au nanoparticles in Pr 2 NiO 4 -based oxide on the oxygen reduction reaction were investigated. Au-dispersed Pr 1.9 Ni 0.71 Cu 0.41 Ga 0.05 O 4+ (PNCG) showed a much decreased cathodic overpotential, and a cell using Au-dispersed PNCG showed a significantly higher power density, approximately 2.5 times higher than that of a cell using PNCG without dispersed Au. The smallest overpotential was achieved at 3-5 mol {\%} dispersion of Au nanoparticles, at which the largest tensile strain was observed. Impedance measurements suggested that the impedance arc in the lower frequency range was mainly decreased; therefore, the increased activity to oxygen reduction was attributed to the increased bulk and surface diffusivity of oxide ions. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) shows that oxygen in the strained region was in a more reduced state and this oxygen could be assigned to interstitial oxygen which is highly mobile. In addition, density functional theory (DFT) analysis suggested that bond destabilization was attributed to the increase in energy of occupied ∗ orbitals of surface peroxo species on tensile strained surfaces. Therefore, increased cathodic performance of PNCG by Au nanoparticle dispersion could be assigned to the increased diffusivity by tensile strain.",
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AU - Takagaki, Atsushi

AU - Ishihara, Tatsumi

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N2 - Effects of tensile strain induced by the dispersion of Au nanoparticles in Pr 2 NiO 4 -based oxide on the oxygen reduction reaction were investigated. Au-dispersed Pr 1.9 Ni 0.71 Cu 0.41 Ga 0.05 O 4+ (PNCG) showed a much decreased cathodic overpotential, and a cell using Au-dispersed PNCG showed a significantly higher power density, approximately 2.5 times higher than that of a cell using PNCG without dispersed Au. The smallest overpotential was achieved at 3-5 mol % dispersion of Au nanoparticles, at which the largest tensile strain was observed. Impedance measurements suggested that the impedance arc in the lower frequency range was mainly decreased; therefore, the increased activity to oxygen reduction was attributed to the increased bulk and surface diffusivity of oxide ions. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) shows that oxygen in the strained region was in a more reduced state and this oxygen could be assigned to interstitial oxygen which is highly mobile. In addition, density functional theory (DFT) analysis suggested that bond destabilization was attributed to the increase in energy of occupied ∗ orbitals of surface peroxo species on tensile strained surfaces. Therefore, increased cathodic performance of PNCG by Au nanoparticle dispersion could be assigned to the increased diffusivity by tensile strain.

AB - Effects of tensile strain induced by the dispersion of Au nanoparticles in Pr 2 NiO 4 -based oxide on the oxygen reduction reaction were investigated. Au-dispersed Pr 1.9 Ni 0.71 Cu 0.41 Ga 0.05 O 4+ (PNCG) showed a much decreased cathodic overpotential, and a cell using Au-dispersed PNCG showed a significantly higher power density, approximately 2.5 times higher than that of a cell using PNCG without dispersed Au. The smallest overpotential was achieved at 3-5 mol % dispersion of Au nanoparticles, at which the largest tensile strain was observed. Impedance measurements suggested that the impedance arc in the lower frequency range was mainly decreased; therefore, the increased activity to oxygen reduction was attributed to the increased bulk and surface diffusivity of oxide ions. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) shows that oxygen in the strained region was in a more reduced state and this oxygen could be assigned to interstitial oxygen which is highly mobile. In addition, density functional theory (DFT) analysis suggested that bond destabilization was attributed to the increase in energy of occupied ∗ orbitals of surface peroxo species on tensile strained surfaces. Therefore, increased cathodic performance of PNCG by Au nanoparticle dispersion could be assigned to the increased diffusivity by tensile strain.

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