We examined the spectrum of p53 mutations found in 40 UV-induced skin tumors of xeroderma pigmentosum group A gene (XPA)-deficient mice. p53 mutations were detected in 48% of the tumors. Nearly all of the mutations were induced at dipyrimidine sites. Ninety-three % of the mutations were G ·C→A·T transitions at dipyrimidine sites, including tandem transitions (CC→TT), which are the hallmark of the UVB-induced mutation. Seventy-two % of the mutations at dipyrimidine sites could be ascribed to damage on the transcribed strand. In addition, no evident mutational hot spots were detected. This is in contrast to the UVB-induced skin tumors of normal mice, in which 92% of p53 mutations occurred as a result of DNA damage on the nontranscribed strand, and clear hot spots were observed. Thus, XPA-deficient mice showed significant mutation features that might be characteristic of the absence of nucleotide excision repair and may provide a good animal model for the analysis of the high incidence of skin cancer in xeroderma pigmentosum group A patients.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 15 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research