Strategy to probe air-liquid interfaces by confocal fluorescence microscopy

Yao Qun Li, Takanori Inoue, Akira Harata, Teiichiro Ogawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    Confocal fluorescence microscopy has been seldom applied to air-liquid interfaces due to technical difficulties. Satellite lines of an excitation laser beam can be used as an inherent reference for a confocal microscope to align and calibrate the setup. This strategy is especially useful and important to a liquid surface, and makes it possible to observe very weak fluorescence without time-consuming alignment procedures.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-166
    Number of pages8
    JournalInstrumentation Science and Technology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Instrumentation
    • Environmental Science(all)


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