Stressors and the sense of coherence related to the mental health of nurses assuming the roles of Wives and/or Mothers - Investigation into the effects of leaving jobs because of marriage, childbirth, and childrearing

Nagisa Okada, Akinori Nakata, Masahiro Nakano, Kumiko Sakai, Kiyako Takai, Hiromi Kodama, Toshio Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Many female nurses leave their jobs because of major life events. However, the mental health status and related factors among nurses who assume the roles of wives and/or mothers have been insufficiently examined. Therefore we examined the mental health levels and related factors among such nurse. We conducted a questionnaire survey on 763 female nurses working at general hospitals with over 200 beds in Fukuoka Prefecture. Of 402 responses, 108 were divided into two groups: nurses who had left because of marriage, childbirth, or childrearing (leaving group), and those who had not (non-leaving group). The following were assessed: work satisfaction level, the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire, The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) 28, and the Sense of Coherence (SOC) scale. Results showed that nurses who had assumed the roles of wives and/or mothers had lower mental health status than general women, and nurses who retained their jobs had higher mental health status and sense of comprehensibility on the SOC scale than those who left. Multiple regression analyses using the total GHQ score as an objective variable showed that only the sense of comprehensibility on the SOC scale correlated with mental health status in the non-leaving group. For the leaving group, having support, high work and life satisfaction levels, and several work stressors were correlated. These findings strongly suggest that to maintain and improve the mental health of nurses who assume the role of wives and/or mothers, greater support, higher satisfaction, reduced stressors, and maintenance and improvement of the sense of comprehensibility are required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of UOEH
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Sense of Coherence
Nurse's Role
Marriage
Spouses
Mental Health
Nurses
Mothers
Parturition
Health Status
Job Satisfaction
Health
General Hospitals
Regression Analysis
Maintenance
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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Stressors and the sense of coherence related to the mental health of nurses assuming the roles of Wives and/or Mothers - Investigation into the effects of leaving jobs because of marriage, childbirth, and childrearing. / Okada, Nagisa; Nakata, Akinori; Nakano, Masahiro; Sakai, Kumiko; Takai, Kiyako; Kodama, Hiromi; Kobayashi, Toshio.

In: Journal of UOEH, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 53-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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