Strong acid waters in tributaries of the Nishi River, Fukuoka prefecture

Jun Ichiro Ishibashi, Yuji Yamaguchi, Chika Kawatani, Nobutaka Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Acid mine waters of Nishikawa, Fukuoka Prefecture were studied. River water collected from several branch streams of Nishikawa is characterized by very low pH of 2.6-4.2 and enriched in Fe, Ca2+ and SO42-, while the main stream of Nishikawa shows pH of 6.7-7.1. Yellowish brown precipitates are usually observed on a riverbed of the branch streams. They were identified to be such amorphous materials as iron hydroxide and iron hydrosulfate, including goethite- and schwertmannite-like minerals by means of XRD and EPMA analyses. In the study area, coal beds occur in the Paleogene Nogata Group and they were exploited in early 20th century. It is common that pyrite is hosted not only in a coal bed but also in the surronding host rocks. We detected pyrite grains in a silicified wood, which is frequently intercalated in coaly shale of this area. Oxidization of pyrite in the coal-bearing beds well explains the origin of Fe-rich strong acid river water in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-50
Number of pages10
JournalScience Reports of the Kyushu University, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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