The structure-activity relationship of lepidimoide and its analogues was investigated by means of the Amaranthus caudatus L. hypocotyl elongation test. In addition, the activities of α-D-galacturonic acid and L-( + )-rhamnose, which are component sugars of lepidimoide, were also studied. The carboxylic acid free type of lepidimoide showed growth-promoting activity as high as the original lepidimoide (sodium type). The acetylated compound showed considerably higher activity than lepidimoide, whereas the methylated lepidimoide did not show any activity. The hydroxylated lepidimoide without a double bond in the C-4,5 position showed lower activity. The sugar alcohol type of lepidimoide [2-O-(α-D-glucopyranosyl)-L-rhamnose] showed the highest activity in all the compounds studied. α-D-Galacturonic acid, L-( + )-rhamnose and their mixtures, which are component sugars of lepidimoide, exhibited only slight or no activity, respectively. D-Glucose and the mixture of D-glucose and L-( + )-rhamnose were also slightly active or inactive. These data suggest that the active sites in the chemical structure of the lepidimoide are the uronic acid derivative bearing an α,β-unsaturated carboxylate bonded to rhamnose via an α-glucoside linkage and a double bond in the C-4,5 position in the uronic acid.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Plant Science