Structure and function of coagulogen, a clottable protein in horseshoe crabs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mammalian blood coagulation is based on the proteolytically induced polymerization of fibrinogens. Initially, fibrin monomers noncovalently interact with each other. The resulting homopolymers are further stabilized when the plasma transglutaminase (TGase) intermolecularly cross-links ε-(γ-glutamyl)lysine bonds. In crustaceans, hemolymph coagulation depends on the TGase-mediated cross-linking of specific plasma-clotting proteins, but without the proteolytic cascade. In horseshoe crabs, the proteolytic coagulation cascade triggered by lipopolysaccharides and β-1,3-glucans leads to the conversion of coagulogen into coagulin, resulting in noncovalent coagulin homopolymers through head-to-tail interaction. Horseshoe crab TGase, however, does not cross-link coagulins intermolecularly. Recently, we found that coagulins are cross-linked on hemocyte cell surface proteins called proxins. This indicates that a cross-linking reaction at the final stage of hemolymph coagulation is an important innate immune system of horseshoe crabs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1257-1265
Number of pages9
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume61
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Fingerprint

Arthropod Proteins
Thromboplastin
Coagulation
Horseshoe Crabs
Transglutaminases
Hemolymph
Homopolymerization
Proteins
Factor XIIIa
Hemocytes
Glucans
Immune system
Cross Reactions
Blood Coagulation
Polymerization
Fibrinogen
Lysine
Lipopolysaccharides
Blood Proteins
Immune System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Structure and function of coagulogen, a clottable protein in horseshoe crabs. / Osaki, T.; Kawabata, Shun-Ichiro.

In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, Vol. 61, No. 11, 06.2004, p. 1257-1265.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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abstract = "Mammalian blood coagulation is based on the proteolytically induced polymerization of fibrinogens. Initially, fibrin monomers noncovalently interact with each other. The resulting homopolymers are further stabilized when the plasma transglutaminase (TGase) intermolecularly cross-links ε-(γ-glutamyl)lysine bonds. In crustaceans, hemolymph coagulation depends on the TGase-mediated cross-linking of specific plasma-clotting proteins, but without the proteolytic cascade. In horseshoe crabs, the proteolytic coagulation cascade triggered by lipopolysaccharides and β-1,3-glucans leads to the conversion of coagulogen into coagulin, resulting in noncovalent coagulin homopolymers through head-to-tail interaction. Horseshoe crab TGase, however, does not cross-link coagulins intermolecularly. Recently, we found that coagulins are cross-linked on hemocyte cell surface proteins called proxins. This indicates that a cross-linking reaction at the final stage of hemolymph coagulation is an important innate immune system of horseshoe crabs.",
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