Structure elucidation of uniformly 13C-labeled bacterial celluloses from different Gluconacetobacter xylinus strains

Stephanie Hesse-Ertelt, Thomas Heinze, Eiji Togawa, Tetsuo Kondo

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The morphological and supramolecular structures of native cellulose pellicles from two strains of Gluconacetobacter xylinus (ATCC 53582, ATCC 23769) were investigated. Samples had been statically cultivated in Hestrin-Schramm medium containing fully 13C-labeled β-d-glucose-U-13C6 as the sole source of carbon. The results are compared with structure data of bacterial celluloses with a natural 13C abundance of 1.1%. Non-enriched and 13C-labeled cellulose pellicles formed crystalline structures as revealed by cross-polarized/magic-angle spinning (CP/MAS) 13C{1H}-NMR and near infrared (NIR) FT-Raman spectroscopic measurements as well as wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) investigations. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was applied for analyzing fiber morphologies and surface properties. For the first time, details about the manipulation of fiber widths and pellicle formation were shown for different bacterial strains of G. xylinus depending on the use of β-d-glucose-U-13C6 for the biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-151
Number of pages13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics

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