A (2×2) structure formed by thallium (Tl) atoms on the Si(001) surface at 0.5 monolayer coverage at room temperature has been studied by a tensor low-energy electron-diffraction (LEED) analysis. Twenty-four structural models were tested. The valley-bridge para dimer model, being produced also by other trivalent metals, was found to be the most optimal. It is concluded, therefore, that the so-called "inert pair effect" of Tl atoms does not play a significant role in the case of this (2×2) structure. The structural parameters obtained by first-principles total-energy calculations are in good agreement with those obtained by the LEED analysis.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics