Structures and impurity effect on symmetric tilt boundaries of molybdenum

Koji Morita, Masato Uehara, Sadahiro Tsurekawa, Hideharu Nakashima

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Abstract

In order to clarify the grain-boundary structure of molybdenum and influence of impurities on the microstructures, bicrystals with symmetric tilt boundary (〈001〉(130) ∑5, 〈001〈120) ∑5, 〈001〉 (140) ∑17, 〈001〉 (150) ∑13 and 〈110〉 (332) ∑11 coincidence boundaries) were prepared, and the boundary structures were observed by transmission electron microscopy. For the purified specimens, periodic structures were observed along the boundary, and well explained by geometric models (coincidence site lattice and O-lattice theories) for the periodicity and by molecular dynamics calculation for microstructures. It was found that the grain boundary structures consist of the combination of structure units of stable boundaries ((010) and (110) ∑1 single crystals, and (130) ∑5 coincidence boundary). On the other hand, in the not-purified specimens, precipitates and lattice bendings, which were probably caused by impurities, were observed at the boundaries. From these findings, it is concluded that impurities are one of the most important factors affecting the boundary structures in molybdenum. However, the effect was very different from each boundary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-260
Number of pages10
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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