We describe a mimic of the sugar unit of the E-selectin ligand, sialyl Lewis X (sLe(X)). Carbohydrates are entering the realm of rational drug design, aided by the growing understanding of the structure-function relationships. We investigated a new methodology of preparing sLe(X) mimetics and developed a potent E-selectin blocker characterized by β-turn dipeptides. Another characteristic point of this E-selectin blocker is that the six-membered fucose ring was replaced with a five-membered fucose ring. Interestingly, it was found that the five-membered fucose ring could also bind to a calcium ion on the E-selectin, which could be an important role of the six-membered fucose ring. Especially, the L-Ser-D-Glu and D-SerL-Glu derivatives 3a,b showed 65-90-fold more potent inhibitory activities than the sulfated Le(x) analogue 1. In addition, molecular dynamics (MD) studies indicated that the 2- and 3-OH groups of the six-membered fucose ring, which were necessary for the calcium binding, overlapped well with the 2- and 3-OH groups of the five-membered fucose ring. These new findings could be useful for the design of new types of selectin blockers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery