A semiconductor-metal-complex hybrid photocatalyst was previously reported for CO2 reduction; this photocatalyst is composed of nitrogen-doped Ta2O5 as a semiconductor photosensitizer and a Ru complex as a CO2 reduction catalyst, operating under visible light (>400 nm), with high selectivity for HCOOH formation of more than 75 %. The electron transfer from a photoactive semiconductor to the metal-complex catalyst is a key process for photocatalytic CO2 reduction with hybrid photocatalysts. Herein, the excited-state dynamics of several hybrid photocatalysts are described by using time-resolved emission and infrared absorption spectroscopies to understand the mechanism of electron transfer from a semiconductor to the metal-complex catalyst. The results show that electron transfer from the semiconductor to the metal-complex catalyst does not occur directly upon photoexcitation, but that the photoexcited electron transfers to a new excited state. On the basis of the present results and previous reports, it is suggested that the excited state is a charge-transfer state located between shallow defects of the semiconductor and the metal-complex catalyst.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry