Reactive mechanical alloying (MA in H2) of magnesium powder allowed us to obtain a partial conversion of Mg to MgH2. The ratio MgH2/Mg can be improved by increasing the milling time or by adding a 3 d-element (with the same initial particle size). X-ray diffraction was applied successfully to determine the quantity of MgH2 formed. The RMA allows us to eliminate the activation procedure generally requested for magnesium. The hydriding results from the combination of two steps: nucleation at first and then diffusion. A direct relationship exists between the nucleation duration and the specific surface area. It is demonstrated that RMA for a short time (2 h) is an effective way to strongly improve the hydrogen storage properties of both magnesium and (Mg+10 wt.% Co, Ni or Fe) mixtures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology