Study on a method for loading a Li compound to produce tritium using high-temperature gas-cooled reactor

Hiroyuki Nakaya, Hideaki Matsuura, Kazunari Katayama, Minoru Goto, Shigeaki Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Tritium production using high-temperature gas-cooled reactors and its outflow from the region loading Li compound into the helium coolant are estimated when considering the suppression of tritium outflow. A Li rod containing a cylindrical Li compound placed in an Al2O3 cladding tube is assumed as a method for loading Li compound. A gas turbine high-temperature reactor of 300 MW electrical nominal capacity (GTHTR300) with 600 MW thermal output power is considered and modeled using the continuous-energy Monte Carlo transport code MVP-BURN, where burn-up simulations are carried out. Tritium outflow is estimated from equilibrium solution for the tritium diffusion equation in the cladding tube. A GTHTR300 can produce 400-600 g of tritium over a 180-day operation using the chosen method of loading the Li compound while minimizing tritium outflow from the cladding tube. Optimizing tritium production while suppressing tritium outflow is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8362
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Volume292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2015

Fingerprint

high temperature gas cooled reactors
High temperature gas reactors
Tritium
tritium
outflow
gas
High temperature reactors
gas turbines
tubes
turbine
Gas turbines
reactors
Helium
reactor
method
coolants
Coolants
helium
rods
retarding

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Study on a method for loading a Li compound to produce tritium using high-temperature gas-cooled reactor. / Nakaya, Hiroyuki; Matsuura, Hideaki; Katayama, Kazunari; Goto, Minoru; Nakagawa, Shigeaki.

In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 292, 8362, 25.07.2015, p. 277-282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nakaya, Hiroyuki

AU - Matsuura, Hideaki

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AU - Goto, Minoru

AU - Nakagawa, Shigeaki

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AB - Abstract Tritium production using high-temperature gas-cooled reactors and its outflow from the region loading Li compound into the helium coolant are estimated when considering the suppression of tritium outflow. A Li rod containing a cylindrical Li compound placed in an Al2O3 cladding tube is assumed as a method for loading Li compound. A gas turbine high-temperature reactor of 300 MW electrical nominal capacity (GTHTR300) with 600 MW thermal output power is considered and modeled using the continuous-energy Monte Carlo transport code MVP-BURN, where burn-up simulations are carried out. Tritium outflow is estimated from equilibrium solution for the tritium diffusion equation in the cladding tube. A GTHTR300 can produce 400-600 g of tritium over a 180-day operation using the chosen method of loading the Li compound while minimizing tritium outflow from the cladding tube. Optimizing tritium production while suppressing tritium outflow is discussed.

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