Study on fuel composition for the performance enhancement of solid oxide fuel cell operated with biodiesel fuel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In principle, direct internal reforming of practical biodiesel fuels (BDFs) in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is viable. However, direct feed of practical BDFs to a SOFC caused severe carbon deposition accompanied by C 2H4 formation, which were more significant for higher degree of unsaturation of BDFs. Performance of SOFC running on BDF can be enhanced by increasing the content of a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) with lower degree of unsaturation. To suppress formation of carbon and C 2H4, a flexible catalyst composed of inorganic fiber network was applied for the operation of SOFC running on FAMEs. In this study, rather high power density of 0.84 W cm-2 at 0.7 V was achieved in the feed of a mixture of oleic- and palmitic-FAMEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3005-3011
Number of pages7
JournalECS Transactions
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Chemical analysis
Carbon
Reforming reactions
Fatty acids
Esters
Catalysts
Fibers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Study on fuel composition for the performance enhancement of solid oxide fuel cell operated with biodiesel fuel. / Tran, Q. T.; Shiratori, Yusuke; Kakihara, Y.; Kitaoka, Takuya; Sasaki, Kazunari.

In: ECS Transactions, Vol. 57, No. 1, 01.01.2013, p. 3005-3011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3bde8ca679054dbb954a7eb07dfb8454,
title = "Study on fuel composition for the performance enhancement of solid oxide fuel cell operated with biodiesel fuel",
abstract = "In principle, direct internal reforming of practical biodiesel fuels (BDFs) in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is viable. However, direct feed of practical BDFs to a SOFC caused severe carbon deposition accompanied by C 2H4 formation, which were more significant for higher degree of unsaturation of BDFs. Performance of SOFC running on BDF can be enhanced by increasing the content of a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) with lower degree of unsaturation. To suppress formation of carbon and C 2H4, a flexible catalyst composed of inorganic fiber network was applied for the operation of SOFC running on FAMEs. In this study, rather high power density of 0.84 W cm-2 at 0.7 V was achieved in the feed of a mixture of oleic- and palmitic-FAMEs.",
author = "Tran, {Q. T.} and Yusuke Shiratori and Y. Kakihara and Takuya Kitaoka and Kazunari Sasaki",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1149/05701.3005ecst",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "3005--3011",
journal = "ECS Transactions",
issn = "1938-5862",
publisher = "Electrochemical Society, Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Study on fuel composition for the performance enhancement of solid oxide fuel cell operated with biodiesel fuel

AU - Tran, Q. T.

AU - Shiratori, Yusuke

AU - Kakihara, Y.

AU - Kitaoka, Takuya

AU - Sasaki, Kazunari

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - In principle, direct internal reforming of practical biodiesel fuels (BDFs) in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is viable. However, direct feed of practical BDFs to a SOFC caused severe carbon deposition accompanied by C 2H4 formation, which were more significant for higher degree of unsaturation of BDFs. Performance of SOFC running on BDF can be enhanced by increasing the content of a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) with lower degree of unsaturation. To suppress formation of carbon and C 2H4, a flexible catalyst composed of inorganic fiber network was applied for the operation of SOFC running on FAMEs. In this study, rather high power density of 0.84 W cm-2 at 0.7 V was achieved in the feed of a mixture of oleic- and palmitic-FAMEs.

AB - In principle, direct internal reforming of practical biodiesel fuels (BDFs) in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is viable. However, direct feed of practical BDFs to a SOFC caused severe carbon deposition accompanied by C 2H4 formation, which were more significant for higher degree of unsaturation of BDFs. Performance of SOFC running on BDF can be enhanced by increasing the content of a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) with lower degree of unsaturation. To suppress formation of carbon and C 2H4, a flexible catalyst composed of inorganic fiber network was applied for the operation of SOFC running on FAMEs. In this study, rather high power density of 0.84 W cm-2 at 0.7 V was achieved in the feed of a mixture of oleic- and palmitic-FAMEs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904969445&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904969445&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1149/05701.3005ecst

DO - 10.1149/05701.3005ecst

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84904969445

VL - 57

SP - 3005

EP - 3011

JO - ECS Transactions

JF - ECS Transactions

SN - 1938-5862

IS - 1

ER -