Surfaces in polymeric materials play an important role in many technological applications. Hence, systematical understanding of aggregation states and physical properties at the surfaces is of pivotal importance as the first benchmark so that highly functionalized polymeric materials based on surface peculiarity can be promisingly designed and constructed. Nevertheless, surface properties, especially rheological properties, had not been studied until early 90s because of technical difficulties. In 1993, we started to embark on this intriguing and challenging issue by mainly scanning force microscopy using monodisperse polystyrene (PS) solid films. Consequently, conclusions obtained thus far are consistently arrived that molecular motion at the PS surfaces is thermally activated in comparison with the corresponding internal bulk region. However, it is far from clear for the moment what the whole picture of such peculiar surface mobility is, although we believe that some parts of it have been successfully clarified to date. Here, experimental methods to examine surface rheological properties, which we have proposed, are mentioned at first, and then, essential points of what we have established are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering