Study on trust inference and emergence of economical small-world phenomena in P2P environment

Yufeng Wang, Yoshiaki Hori, Kouichi Sakurai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

With the increasing popularity of self-organized communication systems, distributed trust and reputation systems in particular have received increasing attention. By formalizing trust relationships, trust between parties within the community can be derived by analyzing the trust paths linking the parties together. This paper treats trust network as an emergent property. The emergence interpretation concerns both the maintenance and usage of trust network inference. Specifically, in P2P system, trust network is maintained by individual agents at micro level, and it is used (i.e., queried) as one entity at macro level. In this paper, we first discuss micro level activities, that is, we classifies trust into functional trust and referral trust to facilitate trust inference, and extend the referral trust to include factors of similarity and truthfulness, so that our approach can accommodate the personalized feature of reputation rating, and reduce trust inference error effectively; then we discuss macro level properties of trust network. Specifically, we investigate the emergence of network structural properties of trust and reputation system in terms of efficiency and cost. That is, efficiency measures how well information propagates over trust system, and cost measures how expensive it is to build this system. Preliminary simulation results show the performance improvement of P2P community and the emergence of economical small-world trust network, namely relatively high efficiency and low cost.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEmerging Technologies in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining - PAKDD 2007 International Workshops, Revised Selected Papers
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages502-514
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)354077016X, 9783540770169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventPacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, PAKDD 2007 - Nanjing, China
Duration: May 22 2007May 22 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume4819 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

OtherPacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, PAKDD 2007
CountryChina
CityNanjing
Period5/22/075/22/07

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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    Wang, Y., Hori, Y., & Sakurai, K. (2007). Study on trust inference and emergence of economical small-world phenomena in P2P environment. In Emerging Technologies in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining - PAKDD 2007 International Workshops, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 502-514). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 4819 LNAI). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-77018-3_51