Subcooled liquid nitrogen refrigerator for HTS power systems

Yoshiaki Suzuki, Shigeru Yoshida, Yasuharu Kamioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subcooled liquid nitrogen is a good cooling medium of high temperature superconducting (HTS) electric power systems such as an electric power line and a power transformer. To produce subcooled liquid nitrogen, a cryocooler is used and a circulation pump is installed in the system. Several subcooled liquid nitrogen circulation systems were constructed and tested. Those are used as a refrigerator for HTS power systems. The pressure of subcooled liquid nitrogen is maintained at atmospheric pressure (0.108 MPa) and the working temperature is 68 K. One system of HTS power transformer was tested in distribution power line. In each case, the temperature of the cold head of the cryocooler is kept at 64 K little above nitrogen freezing temperature. For the stable operation, the system must work even in the case of shaking condition by earthquake, the pressure must be stable and be kept at atmospheric pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-602
Number of pages6
JournalCryogenics
Volume43
Issue number10-11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2003

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Refrigerators
refrigerators
Liquid nitrogen
liquid nitrogen
power lines
electric power
transformers
atmospheric pressure
Power transformers
Temperature
Atmospheric pressure
shaking
freezing
temperature
earthquakes
pumps
Electric power systems
cooling
nitrogen
Freezing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Subcooled liquid nitrogen refrigerator for HTS power systems. / Suzuki, Yoshiaki; Yoshida, Shigeru; Kamioka, Yasuharu.

In: Cryogenics, Vol. 43, No. 10-11, 01.10.2003, p. 597-602.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Suzuki, Yoshiaki ; Yoshida, Shigeru ; Kamioka, Yasuharu. / Subcooled liquid nitrogen refrigerator for HTS power systems. In: Cryogenics. 2003 ; Vol. 43, No. 10-11. pp. 597-602.
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