The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of endoscopy as a procedure for the diagnosis of submandibular gland duct disorders. Endoscopy of the submandibular glands was performed on 12 patients with symptoms of obstructive sialoadenitis to identify the cause of obstruction. The endoscopic findings were then compared to those of diagnostic procedures such as conventional radiography, sialography, and ultrasonography. Six normal subjects also underwent endoscopy to better understand the normal findings of the duct system. Endoscopy demonstrated salivary gland calculus in 5 of 12 patients, which was revealed as filling defects on sialograms and as strongly echogenic structures on ultrasonograms in 4 of the patients. Endoscopy revealed secretion plugs, secretion plaques, and/or stenosis, which could not be seen by any other diagnostic procedures in 5 patients, as the cause of recurrent swelling in all 7 patients not demonstrating siaiolith. Abnormal findings of the duct wall such as vasodilatation, fibrosis, edema, or erythema were seen in four patients, three of whom exhibited dilatation of the duct system on sialograms. In four patients, a decreasing internal echo level of the gland was seen on ultrasonograms. Our initial results for submandibular gland duct endoscopy thus appear to be promising.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery