We investigated the role of the mitochondrial diazepam binding inhibitor receptor (MDR) in diazepam-withdrawal seizure. In chronically vehicle- treated mice, the potent and selective MDR agonist FGIN-1-27 (N,N-di-n-hexyl 2-(4-fluorophenyl)indole-3-acetamide: 30 μg/mouse, i.c.v.) markedly increased the threshold for pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizure. The antiseizure effect of FGIN-1-27 was blocked by pretreatment with the selective MDR antagonist PK11195 (1(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1- methylpropyl)-3-isoquinolinecarboxamide). In chronically diazepam-treated mice, the seizure threshold of PTZ was decreased during diazepam withdrawal, indicating withdrawal hyperexcitability. Interestingly, FGIN-1-27 (30 μg/mouse, i.c.v.) failed to increase the seizure threshold of PTZ in diazepam-withdrawn mice, in contrast to its effect in chronically vehicle- treated mice. These findings suggest that the sensitivity of MDR-mediated pathways in the brain may be decreased during diazepam withdrawal.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)