A variety of reactions such as substitution, dimerization, rhenium(I) metalation, and ring-opening reactions of N-fused porphyrin (NFP) and optical properties of the products are presented. Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions under Suzuki or Stille conditions afford aryl and arylethynyl-substituted NFPs (12, 14) and an ethynyl-bridged dimer (15) from 3-bromo-substituted NFP (3b) in 40-98% yields. Treatment of NFP with silver(I) trifluoroacetate in CHCl3 affords a dimer (22) linked at both C21-positions of the fused rings and its bis-Re(I) metal complex (24) is synthesized. X-ray structures of the 3-trifluoromethyl and 3-phenyl NFP derivatives (9e and 12a) reveal the three-center hydrogen bondings in the core. All the new NFP derivatives display unique absorption spectra, and particularly, ethyne-bridged NFP-dimer (15) shows a remarkable bathochromic shift into a near-infrared region showing an absorption band at 1020 nm with tailing up to 1100 nm. Moreover, alkoxide nucleophiles convert NFP into NCP derivatives by the cleavage of C-N bond in the fused ring, which is useful for the preparation of various C3-substituted NCPs and C21,C21′-linked NCP dimers from NFPs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry