The effects of various substrate conditions on the morphology, crystal structure and photoluminescence of ZnO nanostructures synthesized by nanoparticle-assisted pulsed-laser ablation deposition were investigated. It is concluded that the sapphire substrate with a 1 h anneal at 1000 °C is the most favorable to the vertical growth of ZnO nanostructures. SEM analysis indicates that the well-aligned diameter-modulated ZnO nanonails with unique shape were successfully synthesized on the annealed sapphire substrate. The as-synthesized ZnO nanostructures exhibit an ultraviolet emission at around 390 nm and the absent green emission under room temperature, indicating that there is a very low concentration of deep-level defects inside ZnO lattices. The novel ZnO nanostructures could offer novel opportunities for both fundamental research and technological applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films