Subtotal temporal bone resection en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint: a 2-dimensional operative video

Noritaka Komune, Daisuke Kuga, Kazuki Hashimoto, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Ryo Shimamoto, Takashi Nakagawa

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Abstract

Primary temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma is sporadic. According to previous studies, margin-negative resection provides the best prognosis (Nakagawa et al., 2006; Moody et al., 2000; Yin et al., 2006; Komune et al., 2021 [1–4]). When tumors extend behind the tympanic membrane, lateral temporal bone resection, which is a well-established procedure, is insufficient to achieve a tumor-free margin. For these cases, subtotal temporal bone resection (STBR) can achieve a complete en bloc resection with a tumor-free margin. Furthermore, STBR en bloc with surrounding structures, including the temporomandibular joint and parotid gland, complicates surgical techniques. We previously reported this surgical procedure in a stepwise manner using cadaveric dissection (Komune et al., 2014 [5]). The STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint is composed of three approaches according to our previous report: high cervical exposure (neck dissection), a subtemporal-infratemporal fossa approach, and a retromastoid-paracondylar approach. However, we currently lack demonstrative surgical videos. According to our previous report, this video first demonstrates STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint (Komune et al., 2014 [5]). The histopathological diagnosis of a 57-year-old woman suffering from a large tumor protruding from her auricle indicated squamous cell carcinoma; after the diagnosis she was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography revealed the full extent of the tumor, which was about 8 cm in diameter and had damaged the middle cranial base, mastoid bone, and middle ear cavity. Magnetic resonance imaging indicated invasion of the glenoid fossa and parotid gland, equivalent to a Pittsburg stage cT4 tumor. The patient underwent STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint. Lower cranial nerves (CN IX-XII) were preserved, and the patient achieved normal oral intake without additional procedures after surgery. At six months post-operation, no recurrence was noted. In this video, we first demonstrate the surgical procedure of the STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint for far-advanced temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma, and it can be one of the surgical options to achieve the complete resection without exposure of the tumor. Informed consent was obtained from the patient. The video was reproduced with the written informed consent of the patient. Primary temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma is sporadic. According to previous studies, margin-negative resection provides the best prognosis (Nakagawa et al., 2006; Moody et al., 2000; Yin et al., 2006; Komune et al., 2021 [1–4]). When tumors extend behind the tympanic membrane, lateral temporal bone resection, which is a well-established procedure, is insufficient to achieve a tumor-free margin. For these cases, subtotal temporal bone resection (STBR) can achieve a complete en bloc resection with a tumor-free margin. Furthermore, STBR en bloc with surrounding structures, including the temporomandibular joint and parotid gland, complicates surgical techniques. We previously reported this surgical procedure in a stepwise manner using cadaveric dissection (Komune et al., 2014 [5]). The STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint is composed of three approaches according to our previous report: high cervical exposure (neck dissection), a subtemporal-infratemporal fossa approach, and a retromastoid-paracondylar approach. However, we currently lack demonstrative surgical videos. According to our previous report, this video first demonstrates STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint (Komune et al., 2014 [5]). The histopathological diagnosis of a 57-year-old woman suffering from a large tumor protruding from her auricle indicated squamous cell carcinoma; after the diagnosis she was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography revealed the full extent of the tumor, which was about 8 cm in diameter and had damaged the middle cranial base, mastoid bone, and middle ear cavity. Magnetic resonance imaging indicated invasion of the glenoid fossa and parotid gland, equivalent to a Pittsburg stage cT4 tumor. The patient underwent STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint. Lower cranial nerves (CN IX-XII) were preserved, and the patient achieved normal oral intake without additional procedures after surgery. At six months post-operation, no recurrence was noted. In this video, we first demonstrate the surgical procedure of the STBR en bloc with the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint for far-advanced temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma, and it can be one of the surgical options to achieve the complete resection without exposure of the tumor. Informed consent was obtained from the patient. The video was reproduced with the written informed consent of the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103081
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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