Subvisual cirrus cloud observations using a 1064-nm lidar, a 95 GHz cloud radar, and radiosondes in the warm pool region

Suginori Iwasaki, Yoko Tsushima, Ryuichi Shirooka, Masaki Katsumata, Kunio Yoneyama, Ichiro Matsui, Atsushi Shimizu, Nobuo Sugimoto, Akihide Kamei, Hiroshi Kuroiwa, Hiroshi Kumagai, Hajime Okamoto

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Abstract

We performed synergy observation of subvisual cirrus clouds (SVC) with 1064-nm lidar, 95-GHz cloud radar and radiosondes launched every 3 hours at 2°N, 138°E for one month from 9 November to 9 December 2001. The estimated effective radius reff of SVC is 9-16 μm (5-9 μm in mode radius). This assumes that the shape of cloud particles is spherical and the number concentration of the particles is 105 m-3. SVC disappear when temperature anomalies exceed +1.5°C. The fall velocity of SVC is same as the downward velocity of the phase propagation of the Kelvin wave, and the terminal velocity of hexagonal particles. Thus sedimentation and phase propagation are important for dissipation of SVC. In addition, it was noted that SVC tended to disappear at midday during the observational period except on 27 November 2001.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L09103 1-5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 16 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Iwasaki, S., Tsushima, Y., Shirooka, R., Katsumata, M., Yoneyama, K., Matsui, I., Shimizu, A., Sugimoto, N., Kamei, A., Kuroiwa, H., Kumagai, H., & Okamoto, H. (2004). Subvisual cirrus cloud observations using a 1064-nm lidar, a 95 GHz cloud radar, and radiosondes in the warm pool region. Geophysical Research Letters, 31(9), L09103 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GL019377