Successful Liver Transplantation for Liver Failure With Erythropoietic Protoporphyria by Covering the Operating Theater Lights With Polyimide Film: A Case Report

Takehiko Hanaki, Takehiro Noda, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Hirofumi Akita, Tadafumi Asaoka, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Koji Umeshita, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Erythropoietic protoporphyria is a rare disease of heme biosynthesis resulting in excessive accumulation of protoporphyrin in various organs. The most typical symptom is photosensitivity caused by activated protoporphyrins (wavelength ~400 nm). Accumulated protoporphyrin in the liver also causes liver failure, and liver transplantation is the only life-saving treatment. Phototoxic injury to abdominal organs has been reported during liver transplantation. Thus, to avoid phototoxic injury during liver transplantation, it has previously been conducted with only shadowless lights and ceiling lights off in the operating theater. Here, we report a case of a safe and successful liver transplantation in a patient with erythropoietic protoporphyria where the operating theater lights were covered with polyimide film. Case presentation: A 50-year-old man presented with hepatic failure owing to erythropoietic protoporphyria. Before liver transplantation, the shadowless lights and ceiling lights in the operating theater were covered entirely with polyimide film. This filter completely blocked the harmful wavelength of light (400-470 nm). Orthotopic liver transplantation was safely and successfully performed with adequate illumination and patient monitoring. The patient followed a normal postoperative course without phototoxic injuries or protoporphyrin re-accumulation. Conclusion: Covering not only shadowless lights but also all ceiling lights in the operating theater with the polyimide film allowed safe surgery, safe anesthesia, and safe monitoring of the patient who underwent liver transplantation for severe liver failure owing to erythropoietic protoporphyria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-629
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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