Successful neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy for hydrocephalus and syringomyelia associated with fourth ventricle outlet obstruction

Takaichi Suehiro, Takanori Inamura, Yoshihiro Natori, Masayuki Sasaki, Masashi Fukui

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Abstract

The authors report the use of neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy to treat successfully both hydrocephalus and syringomyelia associated with fourth ventricle outlet obstruction. A 27-year-old woman presented with dizziness, headache, and nausea. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated dilation of all ventricles, downward displacement of the third ventricular floor, obliteration of the retrocerebellar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space, funnellike enlargement of the entrance of the central canal in the fourth ventricle, and syringomyelia involving mainly the cervical spinal cord. Cine- MR imaging indicated patency of the aqueduct and an absent CSF flow signal in the area of the cisterna magna, which indicated obstruction of the outlets of the fourth ventricle. Although results of radioisotope cisternography indicated failure of CSF absorption, neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy completely resolved all symptoms as well as the ventricular and spinal cord abnormalities evident on MR images. Neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy is an important option for treating hydrocephalus in patients with fourth ventricle outlet obstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-329
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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