A 32-year-old man presented with a mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumor showing fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) accumulation (maximum standardized uptake value = 22.21) and extremely elevated blood alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level (9203.0 ng/ml). The patient underwent 4 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (cisplatin, bleomycin, and etoposide), which normalized the AFP level and reduced the tumor size, allowing complete resection without a support of extracorporeal circulation. Despite preoperative positron emission tomography revealing increased FDG uptake in the residual tumor (maximum standardized uptake value = 3.59), the pathologic evaluation revealed that no viable germ cell tumor cells remained. We believe FDG uptake should not be used as a criterion for surgical resection after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. It is appropriate to resect the residual tumor regardless of FDG uptake after induction chemotherapy if a tumor is resectable and the AFP level normalizes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica|
|Publication status||Published - May 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes