We describe a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who received his second autologous blood stem cell transplantation (ABSCT) following a G-CSF-combined pre-transplant conditioning regimen. The patient underwent ABSCT during first remission but suffered a relapse 8 months later. After achieving second remission, he was prepared for his second ABSCT; recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) was administered in combination with Ara C, in addition to the same conditioning regimen as that used before the first ABSCT. There was no increase in regimen-related toxicity after this second G-CSF-combined conditioning regimen when compared with that observed after the first ABSCT. To date, the patient's second remission following the second ABSCT has lasted 26 months, which has exceeded that following the first ABSCT. The G-CSF-combined pretransplant conditioning regimen for ABSCT may be effective in the treatment of high-risk AML by increasing the chemosensitivity of the residual leukemic cells.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Bone Marrow Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1994|
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