CD56+ angiocentric lymphoma has currently been recognized as a distinct clinical entity which is the prototype of the putative NK cell lymphomas. A 16-year-old Japanese girl with advanced CD56+ angiocentric lymphoma received high-dose chemotherapy supported with syngeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). Prior to syngeneic PBSCT, she received six cycles of conventional chemotherapy before transplantation, resulting in a partial response. PBSC were mobilized with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and collected from her identical twin. High-dose cyclophosphamide, MCNU, etoposide, and carboplatin were used for pretransplant conditioning. Syngeneic PBSCT was well tolerated. She achieved complete remission and is now surviving in continuous complete remission for more than 30 months after syngeneic PBSCT. Thus, marrow-ablative chemotherapy facilitated by autologous or allogeneic PBSCT should be considered as part of the primary therapy for poor prognosis NK cell lymphomas.
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