A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because he complained of fever and productive cough; this was associated with cavitary infiltrates on his chest X-ray. Although several antibiotics were given, his symptoms did not improve. Bronchofiberscope investigation yielded Aspergillus fumigatus; thus, he was diagnosed with chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis. Itraconazole, 200mg/day, was given, and his symptoms and infiltrates on chest X-ray gradually improved. After 2 months of treatment, new infiltrates appeared on a chest X-ray. Antibacterial agents had also shown no effect, and voriconazole was substituted for itraconazole. However, the infiltrates progressed in spite of the voriconazole administration. We added micafungin to the voriconazole treatment. Both his symptoms and the infiltrates on chest X-rays improved. Because voriconazole is thought to be the most effective agent against Aspergillus spp., it is difficult to treat cases that are refractory to voriconazole. The treatment of this case provides invaluable information on how to treat pulmonary aspergillosis related to diseases other than hematologic malignancies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases