Suction performance and cavitation instabilities of turbopumps with three different inducer design

Tatsuya Morii, Yohei Tanaka, Satoshi Watanabe, Satoru Ohashi, Yasushi Matsunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the present study, the suction performance and the cavitation instabilities in turbo-pumps with three different inducers designed with different design incidence angle are experimentally investigated in the wide range of operating flow rate. Three inducers L with the lowest design incidence angle, M with the moderate one and H with the largest one are used in combination with identical main impeller. As a result, the total head of pump with inducer H is confirmed to be the largest especially at large flow rates, while the shaft power is almost the same, resulting in the best efficiency with the inducer H. The suction performance is the best with inducer H at large flow rates and is the best with inducer L at low flow rates. Two kinds of instabilities, the cavitating whirling vortex and the surges are mainly observed for the all both inducers, but they are limited at low flow rates. The occurrence ranges of these instabilities in terms of the operating flow rate is the widest with inducer H. However, those in terms of the shockless flow rate ratio is similar for the all three inducers: This fact can contribute to establish some guideline to the pump operation avoiding serious flow instabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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