We examined three sulfone-based electrolyte solutions for use in rechargeable magnesium batteries; i.e., sulfolane (SL), ethyl-i-propyl sulfone (EiPS) and di-n-propyl sulfone (DnPS), in which was dissolved 0.5 mol L ?1 magnesium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide (Mg(TFSA) 2). The specific conductivities of these sulfone-based Mg-electrolyte solutions were 1-2 mS cm?1 at 30°C. These electrolyte solutions were thermally stable < 250°C, and electrochemically stable < 2 V vs. Mg reference electrode (Mg wire). In these electrolyte solutions, an organic positive electrode made of 2, 5-dimethoxy-1, 4-benzoquinone (DMBQ) underwent reversible charge-discharge reactions. The reduction-oxidation current of the metallic Mg negative electrode was observed. A two-electrode cell composed of Mg|Mg(TFSA) 2/SL|DMBQ endured more than 50 charge-discharge cycles at 30°C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry