Influence of H2S fuel impurity on power generation characteristics of SOFCs has been analyzed by measuring cell voltage at a given current density, as a function of operational temperature, H2S concentration, and fuel gas composition. Reversible cell voltage drop was observed around 1000°C, but fatal irreversible degradation occurred at lower operational temperatures, at higher H2S concentrations, and at lower fuel H2/CO ratios. Sulfur tolerance of SOFCs improved by using Sc2O3-doped ZrO2 instead of Y2O 3-doped ZrO2 as electrolyte and/or as electrolyte component in the anode cermet. It has been found that H2S poisoning consists of at least two stages, i.e. an initial cell voltage drop within a few minutes to a metastable cell voltage, followed by a gradual larger cell voltage drop associated with the agglomeration of Ni particles.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2005|
|Event||9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX - Quebec, Canada|
Duration: May 15 2005 → May 20 2005
|Other||9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX|
|Period||5/15/05 → 5/20/05|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes