Summer behavior of the Changjiang diluted water to the East/Japan Sea: A modeling study in 2003

Pil Hun Chang, Atsuhiko Isobe, Ki Ryong Kang, Sang Boom Ryoo, Hyun suk Kang, Young Hwa Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The summer behavior of Changjiang diluted water (CDW) toward the East/Japan Sea (EJS) is investigated by using a numerical ocean model. The present study focuses on the summer 2003, in which significant low salinity water is observed in the southwestern EJS in spite of similar amount of Changjiang discharge to the normal year. This paper mainly compares two experimental results for the summer 2003 (Exp. Y2003) and the normal year (Exp. NML). The simulated CDW in summer 2003 reveals remarkable changes in the pathway toward the Tsushima/Korea (T/K) Strait. The northeastward CDW behavior to the Jeju Strait, a major pathway in the normal year, is significantly reduced, while an intense southeastward extension to the along-shelf current (i.e., Taiwan-Tsushima Warm Current System) is dominant, similar to the field observation in July 2003. It is suggested that the Ekman dynamics plays an active role in remarkable changes of the CDW behavior. Namely, the reduction of northeastward behavior is associated with the dominance of strong northerly wind anomaly where the fresher bulge develops. On the other hand, the strengthened southwesterly wind over the southern region off the river mouth reinforces the extension to the along-shelf current. In consequence, the CDW below 28.0. psu joins the along-shelf current in the central East China Sea, and a passage of significant low salinity water is resulted at the T/K Strait in August 2003 due to the advection by along-shelf current. The additional experiment also exhibits that the strength of along-shelf current has an impact on the passage of CDW via the T/K Strait.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7-18
    Number of pages12
    JournalContinental Shelf Research
    Volume81
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2014

    Fingerprint

    Japan
    strait
    summer
    modeling
    Korean Peninsula
    water
    water salinity
    East China Sea
    strength (mechanics)
    sea
    Taiwan
    mouth
    advection
    oceans
    anomaly
    rivers
    ocean
    river
    experiment

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Oceanography
    • Aquatic Science
    • Geology

    Cite this

    Summer behavior of the Changjiang diluted water to the East/Japan Sea : A modeling study in 2003. / Chang, Pil Hun; Isobe, Atsuhiko; Kang, Ki Ryong; Ryoo, Sang Boom; Kang, Hyun suk; Kim, Young Hwa.

    In: Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 81, 15.06.2014, p. 7-18.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Chang, Pil Hun ; Isobe, Atsuhiko ; Kang, Ki Ryong ; Ryoo, Sang Boom ; Kang, Hyun suk ; Kim, Young Hwa. / Summer behavior of the Changjiang diluted water to the East/Japan Sea : A modeling study in 2003. In: Continental Shelf Research. 2014 ; Vol. 81. pp. 7-18.
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    abstract = "The summer behavior of Changjiang diluted water (CDW) toward the East/Japan Sea (EJS) is investigated by using a numerical ocean model. The present study focuses on the summer 2003, in which significant low salinity water is observed in the southwestern EJS in spite of similar amount of Changjiang discharge to the normal year. This paper mainly compares two experimental results for the summer 2003 (Exp. Y2003) and the normal year (Exp. NML). The simulated CDW in summer 2003 reveals remarkable changes in the pathway toward the Tsushima/Korea (T/K) Strait. The northeastward CDW behavior to the Jeju Strait, a major pathway in the normal year, is significantly reduced, while an intense southeastward extension to the along-shelf current (i.e., Taiwan-Tsushima Warm Current System) is dominant, similar to the field observation in July 2003. It is suggested that the Ekman dynamics plays an active role in remarkable changes of the CDW behavior. Namely, the reduction of northeastward behavior is associated with the dominance of strong northerly wind anomaly where the fresher bulge develops. On the other hand, the strengthened southwesterly wind over the southern region off the river mouth reinforces the extension to the along-shelf current. In consequence, the CDW below 28.0. psu joins the along-shelf current in the central East China Sea, and a passage of significant low salinity water is resulted at the T/K Strait in August 2003 due to the advection by along-shelf current. The additional experiment also exhibits that the strength of along-shelf current has an impact on the passage of CDW via the T/K Strait.",
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    AU - Ryoo, Sang Boom

    AU - Kang, Hyun suk

    AU - Kim, Young Hwa

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    N2 - The summer behavior of Changjiang diluted water (CDW) toward the East/Japan Sea (EJS) is investigated by using a numerical ocean model. The present study focuses on the summer 2003, in which significant low salinity water is observed in the southwestern EJS in spite of similar amount of Changjiang discharge to the normal year. This paper mainly compares two experimental results for the summer 2003 (Exp. Y2003) and the normal year (Exp. NML). The simulated CDW in summer 2003 reveals remarkable changes in the pathway toward the Tsushima/Korea (T/K) Strait. The northeastward CDW behavior to the Jeju Strait, a major pathway in the normal year, is significantly reduced, while an intense southeastward extension to the along-shelf current (i.e., Taiwan-Tsushima Warm Current System) is dominant, similar to the field observation in July 2003. It is suggested that the Ekman dynamics plays an active role in remarkable changes of the CDW behavior. Namely, the reduction of northeastward behavior is associated with the dominance of strong northerly wind anomaly where the fresher bulge develops. On the other hand, the strengthened southwesterly wind over the southern region off the river mouth reinforces the extension to the along-shelf current. In consequence, the CDW below 28.0. psu joins the along-shelf current in the central East China Sea, and a passage of significant low salinity water is resulted at the T/K Strait in August 2003 due to the advection by along-shelf current. The additional experiment also exhibits that the strength of along-shelf current has an impact on the passage of CDW via the T/K Strait.

    AB - The summer behavior of Changjiang diluted water (CDW) toward the East/Japan Sea (EJS) is investigated by using a numerical ocean model. The present study focuses on the summer 2003, in which significant low salinity water is observed in the southwestern EJS in spite of similar amount of Changjiang discharge to the normal year. This paper mainly compares two experimental results for the summer 2003 (Exp. Y2003) and the normal year (Exp. NML). The simulated CDW in summer 2003 reveals remarkable changes in the pathway toward the Tsushima/Korea (T/K) Strait. The northeastward CDW behavior to the Jeju Strait, a major pathway in the normal year, is significantly reduced, while an intense southeastward extension to the along-shelf current (i.e., Taiwan-Tsushima Warm Current System) is dominant, similar to the field observation in July 2003. It is suggested that the Ekman dynamics plays an active role in remarkable changes of the CDW behavior. Namely, the reduction of northeastward behavior is associated with the dominance of strong northerly wind anomaly where the fresher bulge develops. On the other hand, the strengthened southwesterly wind over the southern region off the river mouth reinforces the extension to the along-shelf current. In consequence, the CDW below 28.0. psu joins the along-shelf current in the central East China Sea, and a passage of significant low salinity water is resulted at the T/K Strait in August 2003 due to the advection by along-shelf current. The additional experiment also exhibits that the strength of along-shelf current has an impact on the passage of CDW via the T/K Strait.

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